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Sri Aurobindo

Karmayogin

Political Writings and Speeches (1909 — 1910)

AVAILABLE EDITIONS:

Sri Aurobindo Birth Century Library: Set in  30  volumes.- Vol. 2

Sri Aurobindo. Karmayogin: Political Writings and Speeches (1909 — 1910) // Sri Aurobindo Birth Century Library: Set in  30  volumes.- Volume 2.- Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram, 1972.- 441 p.

 

The Complete Works of Sri Aurobindo: Set in  37  volumes. Vol. 8

Sri Aurobindo. Karmayogin: Political Writings and Speeches (1909 — 1910) // The Complete Works of Sri Aurobindo: Set in 37 volumes.- Volume 8.- Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram, 1997.- 471 p.

   

Sri Aurobindo Birth Century Library
Set in  30  volumes
Volume 2

— ALL BOOK IN A SINGLE FILE

 

 

SABCL edition, PDF-file
 

HTML-file

 

—SET OF HTML FILES

Sri Aurobindo, shortly after his acquittal in the Alipore Conspiracy Case in May 1909, started an English Weekly Review named Karmayogin. Since almost the entire journal was written by him, until he retired in February 1910 to Chandernagore, the editorial comments and principal articles are reproduced here exactly as they appeared from issue to issue. This volume, however, contains only the political observations and those on the spirit of Indian Nationalism. Articles on Yoga, Religion, Philosophy and Literature appear in their respective volumes.

Letter to the Editor of the Bengalee

14-05-19092

Letter on The Ideal of the Karmayogin

21-04-19373

Uttarpara Speech

30-05-19091

        

Karmayogin № 1, 19 June 1909

 

Ourselves

1

 

The Ideal of the Karmayogin

1

 

"Swaraj" and the Mussulmans

1

Beadon Square Speech

13-06-19091

    

Karmayogin № 2, 26 June 1909

 

Notes and Comments

 

The Message of India

1

 

Lord Honest John

1

 

The Failure of Europe

1

 

British Fears

1

 

The Journalistic War Council

1

 

Forgotten Eventualities

1

 

National Vitality

1

 

The Awakening Soul of India

1

    

Karmayogin № 3, 3 July 1909

 

Opinion and Comments

 

The Highest Synthesis

1

 

Faith and Analysis

1

 

Mature Deliberation

1

 

The Importance of the Individual

1

 

The Fatalism of Action

1

 

God's Ways

1

 

Adequate Value

1

 

Expediency and Nationalism

1

 

A Task Unaccomplished

1

 

Mr. Mackarness' Bill

1

Jhalakati Speech

19-06-19091

    

Karmayogin № 4, 17 July 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

An Unequal Fight

1

 

God and His Universe

1

 

The Scientific Position

1

 

Force Universal or Individual

1

 

Faith and Deliberation

1

 

Our "Inconsistencies"

1

 

Good out of Evil

1

 

Loss of Courage

1

 

Intuitive Reason

1

 

Exit Bibhishan

1

The Right of Association

27-06-1909

    

Karmayogin № 5, 24 July 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

The Indiscretions of Sir Edward

1

 

The Demand for Co-operation

1

 

What Co-operation?

1

 

Sir Edward's Menace

1

 

The Personal Result

1

 

A One-sided Proposal

1

 

The Only Remedy

1

 

The Bengalee and Ourselves

1

 

God and Man

1

 

The Doctrine of Sacrifice

1

College Square Speech

18-07-19091

    

Karmayogin № 6, 31 July 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

The Spirit in Asia

1

 

The Persian Revolution

1

 

Persia's Difficulties

1

 

The New Men in Persia

1

 

Madanlal Dhingra

1

 

Press Garbage in England

1

 

Shyamji Krishnavarma

1

 

Nervous Anglo-India

1

 

The Recoil of Karma

1

 

Liberty or Empire

1

 

An Open Letter to My Countrymen

1

    

Karmayogin № 7, 7 August 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

The Police Bill

1

 

The Political Motive

1

 

A Hint from Dinajpur

1

 

The Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company

1

 

A Swadeshi Enterprise

1

 

Youth and the Bureaucracy

1

    

Karmayogin № 8, 14 August 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

The Englishman on Boycott

1

 

Social Boycott

1

 

National or Anti-national

1

 

The Boycott Celebration

1

Kumartuli Speech

11-07-19091

    

Karmayogin № 9, 21 August 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

Srijut Surendranath Banerji's Return

1

 

A False Step

1

 

A London Congress

1

 

The Power that Uplifts

1

    

Karmayogin № 10, 28 August 1909

 

Facts and Comments

 

The Cretan Difficulty

1

 

Greece and Turkey

1

 

Spain and the Moor

1

 

The London Congress

1

 

Political Prisoners

1

 

An Official Freak

1

 

Soham Gita

1

 

Bengal and the Congress

1

    

Karmayogin № 11, 4 September 1909

 

Facts and Comments

 

The Kaul Judgment

1

 

The Implications in the Judgment

1

 

The Social Boycott

1

 

The Law and the Nationalist

1

 

The Hughly Resolutions

1

    

Karmayogin № 12, 11 September 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

Impatient Idealists

1

 

The Question of Fitness

1

 

Public Disorder and Unfitness

1

 

The Hughly Conference

1

    

Karmayogin № 13, 18 September 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

The Two Programmes

1

 

The Reforms

1

 

The Limitations of the Act

1

 

Shall We Accept the Partition?

1

    

Karmayogin № 14, 25 September 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

The Convention President

1

 

Presidential Autocracy

1

 

Mr. Lalmohan Ghose

1

 

The Past and the Future

1

    

Karmayogin № 15, 2 October 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

The Rump Presidential Election

1

 

Nation-stuff in Morocco

1

 

Cook versus Peary

1

 

Nationalist Organisation

1

 

An Extraordinary Prohibition

1

    

Karmayogin № 16, 9 October 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

The Apostasy of the National Council

1

 

The Progress of China

1

 

Partition Day

1

 

Nationalist Work in England

1

    

Karmayogin № 17, 16 October 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

Gokhale's Apologia

1

 

The People's Proclamation

1

 

The Anushilan Samiti

1

 

The National Fund

1

 

Union Day

1

    

Karmayogin № 18, 6 November 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

Mahomedan Representation

1

 

The Growth of Turkey

1

 

China Enters

1

 

The Patiala Arrests

1

 

The Daulatpur Dacoity

1

 

Place and Patriotism

1

 

The Dying Race

1

 

The Death of Senor Ferrer

1

 

The Budget

1

 

A Great Opportunity

1

 

Buddha's Ashes

1

 

Students and Politics

1

 

The Assassination of Prince Ito

1

 

The Hindu Sabha

1

    

Karmayogin № 19, 13 November 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

House Searches

1

 

Social Reform and Politics

1

 

The Deoghar Sadhu

1

 

The Great Election

1

    

Karmayogin № 20, 20 November 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

A Hint of Change

1

 

Pretentious Shams

1

 

The Municipalities and Reform

1

 

Police Unrest in the Punjab

1

 

The Reformed Councils

1

    

Karmayogin № 21, 27 November 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

The Bomb Case and Anglo-India

1

 

The Nadiya President's Speech

1

 

Mr. Macdonald's Visit

1

 

The Alipur Judgment

1

    

Karmayogin № 22, 4 December 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

The Lieutenant-Governor's Mercy

1

 

An Ominous Presage

1

 

Chowringhee Humour

1

 

The Last Resort

1

    

Karmayogin № 23, 11 December 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

The United Congress

1

 

The Spirit of the Negotiations

1

 

A Salutary Rejection

1

 

The English Revolution

1

 

Aristocratic Quibbling

1

 

The Transvaal Indians

1

    

Karmayogin № 24, 18 December 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

Sir Pherozshah's Resignation

1

 

The Council Elections

1

 

British Unfitness for Liberty

1

 

The Lahore Convention

1

 

The Moderate Manifesto

1

    

Karmayogin № 25, 25 December 1909

 

Facts and Opinions

 

The United Congress Negotiations

1

 

A New Sophism

1

 

Futile Espionage

1

 

Convention Voyagers

1

 

Creed and Constitution

1

 

To My Countrymen

1

    

Karmayogin № 26, 1 January 1910

 

Facts and Opinions

 

The Perishing Convention

1

 

The Convention President's Address

1

 

The Alleged Breach of Faith

1

 

The Nasik Murder

1

 

Transvaal and Bengal

1

 

National Education

1

    

Karmayogin № 27, 8 January 1910

 

Facts and Opinions

 

Sir Edward Baker's Admissions

1

 

Calcutta and Mofussil

1

 

The Non-Official Majority

1

 

Sir Louis Dane on Terrorism

1

 

The Menace of Deportation

1

 

A Practicable Boycott

1

    

Karmayogin № 28, 15 January 1910

 

Facts and Opinions

 

The Patiala Case

1

 

The Arya Samaj and Politics

1

 

The Arya Disclaimer

1

 

What Is Sedition?

1

 

A Thing that Happened

1

    

Karmayogin № 29, 22 January 1910

 

Facts and Opinions

 

Lajpat Rai's Letters

1

 

A Nervous Samaj

1

 

The Banerji Vigilance Committees

1

 

Postal Precautions

1

 

Detective Wiles

1

 

The New Policy

1

    

Karmayogin № 30, 29 January 1910

 

Facts and Opinions

 

The High Court Assassination

1

 

Anglo-Indian Prescriptions

1

 

House Search

1

 

The Elections

1

 

The Viceroy's Speech

1

    

Karmayogin № 31, 5 February 1910

 

Facts and Opinions

 

The Party of Revolution

1

 

Its Growth

1

 

Its Extent

1

 

Ourselves

1

 

The Necessity of the Situation

1

 

The Elections

1

    

Karmayogin № 32, 12 February 1910

 

Passing Thought

 

Vedantic Art

1

 

Asceticism and Enjoyment

1

 

Aliens in Ancient India

1

 

The Scholarship of Mr. Risley

1

 

Anarchism

1

 

The Gita and Terrorism

1

    

Karmayogin № 33, 19 February 1910

 

Passing Thought

 

The Bhagalpur Literary Conference

1

 

Life and Institutions

1

 

Indian Conservatism

1

 

Samaj and Shastra

1

 

Revolution

1

    

Karmayogin № 34, 26 February 1910

 

Passing Thought

 

Great Consequences

N

 

The Egyptian Murder

N

 

Great Preparations

N

 

Revelation in Jail

N

    

Karmayogin № 38, 26 March 1910

 

In Either Case

1

    

Karmayogin № 37, 19 March 1910

 

Sj. Aurobindo Ghose

1

Appendix — I

Ourselves (Karmayogin № 5)

24-07-19091

Our Cheap Edition (Karmayogin № 26)

01-01-19101

Appendix — II

Speech at Bakergunj

22-06-19091

Speech at Khulna

25-06-19091

The New Mantra

N

The Reform Proposals

10-08-19182

Notes

Bibligraphical Note

 

Note on this e-publication

During the history of publication of Sri Aurobindo’s works, their texts were modified here and there — sometimes by elementary misprints, but more often because of the hard work of editors, who:

(1) discovered and encrypted unprinted manuscripts or their parts (this was a best part of what they could do);

(2) corrected previous misprints or unsound modifications (a sound part of their work);

(3) corrected Sri Aurobondo’s factual or grammatical inexactnesses or mistakes or grammatical characteristics (i.e. s / z) (what would be appropriate only in footnotes, but not in the text itself);

(4) made innumerable “improvements” of the texts, when original words were replaced by more “appropriate” ones; articles changed most freely; the tenses of verbs and the singular and plural of nouns were often modified (and all these “improvements” deform in some degree — even if in hardly notable — the meaning, intonation, nuance, manner, style and therefore are inadmissible; and, after all, we need Sri Aurobindo’s words, not editor’s);

(5) combined  (using sometimes invented insertions or modifying texts) different texts (or some parts of them) as if it were one solid work (this also deforms meaning and context of originals and often brings strange feeling when one style or tone is strangely jumped to another. It would be too licentious even in someone’s work based on Sri Aurobindo’s writings, but it is absolutely inadmissible in a book pretended to be a collection of HIS works);

(6) cut off parts of the texts (especially of the letters) under pretext that they are not of “general interest” — although, rather, to fit the remains to a subject of a book or its section (and this is the most disgusting spoilage and uncorrectable and grievous loss).

So now we have Sri Aurobondo’s works with varied places — when one of variants, perhaps, is authentic, while other — not quite. May be some day we will see realy Complite Works of Sri Aurobindo without prenominate defects. But now, what can we do, when we have not originals at hand to check alternatives against them?

(1) Sometimes we can correct situation No 5 — i.e. separate different texts, joined together.

(2) Sometimes we can correct situation No 6 — whenever we find full version, we can provide fragment of the text by footnote with full version or even replace this fragment by full version.

(3) We can evince most of the cases of situations Nos  3 and 4. For this purpose we compared the texts of different editions and provide differing places with appropriate footnotes in our files. (By the way, this symbol by symbol comparison allowed us also to avoid misprints of scanning and OCR procedures.) And when this comparison does not make us sure which variant is authentic, we, at least, become aware of the fact and details of such variations.

To distinguish numerous footnotes of this kind we used special style: (1) colour of numbers of footnotes are dark red; (2) when cursor is placed over differing piece, its background is changed to light red (also it allows readers to compare easily differing place in a text with a pop-up hint that contains alternative variant).

During this comparison, to avoid overloading of the texts by footnotes, we ignored differences of register, punctuation, paragraphs, variants of languages or transliterations of the same word (for example, in one edition the word is printed in English transliteration, in another – in Devanagari), sometimes — variants of proper names (especially solid or separate spelling). Also we did not made any footnotes in cases of distinct misprints — just corrected them.

In the footnotes of every file we added a link to another edition of current work (if it exists).

In the Contents above, opposite every work (to the right) we indicated compared edition:

1 The Complete Works of Sri Aurobindo: Set in  37  volumes.-  Volume 8.- Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram, 1997.- 471 p.

2 The Complete Works of Sri Aurobindo: Set in  37  volumes.-  Volume 36.- Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram, 2006.- 612 p.

3 The Complete Works of Sri Aurobindo: Set in  37  volumes.-  Volume 35.- Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram, 2011.- 658 p.

N This work was not reprinted in the CWSA and it was not compared with other editions.