Bankim Chandra Chatterji (Chattopadhyaya)
Bankim Chandra Chatterji (27.06.1838 – 08.04.1894), “the Rishi of modern Bengal”. Bengali writer, poet, journalist, critic, and essayist, Bankim exerted a great formative influence on modern Bengali. He was a voracious reader of English fiction and a voluminous writer, versatile and vigorous. His novels include Anandamath, which contains the national song “Bande Mataram”. He was founder-editor of the Bengali journal Bangadarshan.