February 1909. Regional conference at Patna. Moderates and Extremists reached an agreement.
Patna, capital of Bihar state, during its history changed names many times: Kusumpur, Pushpapur, Pataliputra and Azeemabad. Ancient Patna is a gateway to the Buddhist and Jain pilgrim centres of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodhgaya and Pawapuri. It lies about 290 miles (470 km) northwest of Calcutta.
Pataliputra was founded in the 5th century BC by Ajatashatru, king of Magadha (South Bihar). His son Udaya (Udayin) made it the capital of Magadha, which it remained until the 1st century BC. The second Magadha dynasty, the Maurya, ruled in the 3rd and early 2nd centuries BC until the city was sacked in 185 by Indo-Greeks. The Shunga dynasty then began, ruling until about 73 BC. Pataliputra remained a centre of learning and in the 4th century AD became the Gupta capital. It declined and was deserted by the 7th century. The city was refounded as Patna by an Afghan ruler in 1541 and again rose to prosperity under the Mughal Empire. It passed to the British in 1765. Extensive archaeological excavations have been made in the vicinity.
Patna is a riverside city that extends along the south bank of the Ganges River for about 12 miles (19 km). West of the old city lies the section called Bankipur, and farther southwest is a spacious new capital area with wide roads, shady avenues, and new buildings. Prominent among Patna's modern structures are the Government House, the Assembly Chambers, the Oriental Library, a medical college, and an engineering college. Patna's historic monuments include the mosque of Husayn Shah of Bengal (1499); the Sikh Temple associated with the 10th Guru, Govinda Singh; and the granary at Bankipur (1786), popularly called the Golghar. The city also has the University of Patna (1917) and the Patna Museum. Pop. (1991 prelim.) 917,243.